Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis is a rare disease. Almost all disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis cases described in the literature are associated with a gynecological disorder or a mass in the abdominal cavity. Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis with only chronic constipation has not been reported in the English literature. We present a case of a patient with disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis who manifested solely with chronic constipation.
A 49-year-old premenopausal nulliparous Caucasian woman was admitted with complaints of abdominal distention and chronic constipation. Open subtotal colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis was performed. There were diffuse nodular and polypoid tumor formations in her colonic mesoderm. Based on morphological and pathological evaluation of the resection material, she was diagnosed with disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis.
In general, disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis is seen in women who are of childbearing age with estrogen hypersecretion. Preoperative diagnosis of disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis is almost impossible and it can be confused with disseminated intra-abdominal malignancies. There are no specific methods to diagnose disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis in a preoperative period.